Clones Lace is Irish Crochet Lace from the area around the small town of Clones, County Monaghan. Clones Lace is distinguished from other Irish Crochet Lace types by the use of some areas of filling between motifs and the use of Clones Knot Stitch in background netting.
Clones Knot Stitch is a decorative stitch that is used in background netting. It is also used in many motifs.
Background netting (BN) aka trellis, filling, ground. BN are chained bars (arches, loops) used to connect motifs that are fastened to the foundation pattern.
Click on the images of the photo-slide to see larger images), or hold a mouse on the photo-slide to activate the slide.
This is an older term for double crochet or treble crochet stitches.
Magic loops are used at the beginning of a project where you are working in the round, and it creates a neat closed hole in the center of the first round.
Padding cord - PC.
Other names: packing cord, or just a cord, or foundation cord. There is also a well known term that derived from French - "bourdon". The french term is used used in European magazines like Zyrnal Mod and Duplet.
PC is a thicker thread (#10 is recommended) that is used to crochet over with stitches (single crochet, double crochet, treble crochet), to achieve rich texture of motif. PC is used only in Irish Crochet Lace.
PC can be of a single thread, folded in half (2 strands), triple, and more., depending on how thick you want it to be. The thicker the cord the fuller and heavier the motifs will be.
PC is used for edges to define them, for stems , motifs, flowers, buttons, and so on. Packing cord is adding texture and fullness to the motifs and edges.
When crocheting over the PC wound in the circle (photos#1 and 2) , it produces padding rings - buttons (photos #3 & 4) , which often form a center of flowers or stand on its own as an individual motif.
Sprays and sprigs are motifs that are connected together with stems, to form a branches with flowers and leaves.
Raised outlines are separately crochet cords (single crochet stitches over the packing cord), and are fastened at the corners and indentations to the stitches of the previously crocheted motif. These raised outlines are creating a 3-D effect of the motif.
This photo of an antique piece of Irish Crochet Lace is a good example of a raised outlines used to decorate the edges of motifs.
On the same photo raised outlines are highlighted by blue curved lines.